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Post-menopause is the third stage of menopause where you do not get menstruate for over 12 straight months. All the years of your life after menopause are called post-menopause years.

In your post-menopause years, you may get gradually get rid of menopause symptoms, such as hot flashes, weight gain, night sweats, mood swings and other troublesome signs. However, according to, post-menopause women are at an increased risk of osteoporosis, heart disease, urinary incontinence, urinary infections, reduced metabolism and other health problems.

What Are the Causes of Post-menopause?

The main cause of post-menopause is hitting menopause, which is caused by reduced production of reproductive hormones – oestrogen and progesterone. The low levels of reproductive hormones eventually result in cessation of periods.

Once you do not get your periods for 12 months, you are in the post-menopause stage of your life, and you cannot become pregnant.

Post-menopause can also prematurely occur due to:

  • Oophorectomy – when your ovaries are removed
  • Primary ovarian insufficiency – when the ovaries do not produce enough reproductive hormones (typically at an early age younger than 40 years)
  • Chemotherapy and radiation therapy – can cause menopause and post-menopause.

What Are the Symptoms of Menopause?

Even though post-menopause, women get relief from the perimenopause and menopause symptoms, some womenfolk may continue to experience the symptoms. However, the symptoms are milder.

The post-menopause is marked with the following symptoms:

  • Vaginal dryness
  • Increased cholesterol levels
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Mood swings, irritation, depression, depression and anxiety
  • Weight gain
  • Stiff and painful joints
  • Bone loss
  • Weak muscles

Some women may still go through hot flashes, night sweats and changes in mental health.

When to See a doctor?

According to, see your doctor if you are experiencing vaginal bleeding during your post-menopausal years. Also, your doctor may suggest regular visits and preventing screenings and tests to exclude the risk of any medical condition.

Post-menopause and Medical Complications

In post-menopause women, risk of certain medical conditions was increased, such as:

  • Osteoporosis
  • High cholesterol levels
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Urinary Tract Infections

Other health complications include:

  • Reduced metabolism
  • Periodontal disease
  • Cataracts
  • Vulvovaginal atrophy

What Are the Treatments to Reduce the Symptoms of Post-menopause?

Post-menopause women need to take care of their health and become proactive to lead a healthy life and to effectively reduce the symptoms. Some of the treatments that can alleviate the symptoms are:

Hormone/ Oestrogen Replacement Therapy (HRT)

HRT successfully reduces hot flashes and bone loss in post-menopause women. Your doctor will recommend this treatment in low doses for a restricted time to give you relief from the symptoms. Remember to discuss the possible risks, benefits, side effects and other health concerns before starting this therapy.

Non-hormonal therapy

You can choose non-hormonal therapy to effectively manage the post-menopausal symptoms. This is especially a good alternative for women who cannot choose hormonal therapy due to health reasons or due to their apprehensions.

You can consider taking non-hormonal dietary supplements, such as Femarelle® to swiftly alleviate the symptoms and improve bone health and vaginal health. It also improves your energy levels to enjoy your daily life.

Vaginal oestrogen

Vaginal oestrogen is administered in the form of rings, creams or tablets to decrease vaginal dryness, UTI problems, and pain during sex. The smaller amounts of oestrogen present in these tablets/creams/rings are absorbed by the vaginal tissues to reduce the discomfort.


Your gynaecologist/ doctor may also recommend small doses of anti-depressants to regulate your mood swings, irritation and other mental health concerns.

Vitamin D & Calcium

Your doctor may suggest you take vitamin D and calcium supplements to prevent bone loss, reduce the risk of fractures and the probability of osteoporosis. These supplements strengthen your skeletal structure and support your bone and teeth health.

Other tips to lessen the post-menopause symptoms:

Post-menopausal years are more about eating a right diet, following a healthy lifestyle and a few other changes to reduce post-menopausal symptoms:

  • Eating healthy food, such as proteins, vitamins, carbohydrates, calcium and other nutrient-rich diet
  • Exercising regularly
  • Managing weight
  • Avoiding unhealthy choices, such as alcohol, tobacco, drugs and other addictions
  • Maintaining a sleeping pattern
  • Practising yoga, meditation and relaxing skills
  • Keeping a positive outlook

Post-menopause is a new chapter of your life. Start your new life with renewed positivity and better health.

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