Postmenopausal women are at higher risk of developing certain medical conditions after menopause. Low levels of hormones not only end your periods but can also have an additional impact on a woman’s body.
Women may become more prone to high cholesterol levels, heart diseases, breast cancer, osteoporosis, weak bones, Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs), urinary incontinence and other health conditions.
Let us understand what are the health complications that may develop post-menopause.
Health Complications and Different Medical Conditions after Menopause
Women who enjoyed good health before menopause, you may start experiencing different medical conditions after the transition.
If you are not careful, these concerns may progress to health complications. Also, every woman may face other risks based on her medical history, genetics and other factors.
Here is a list of the medical conditions after menopause you may suffer:
- Heart Disease
According to various studies, it is found that the levels of bad cholesterol, triglycerides and total cholesterol go up while the good cholesterol goes down after menopause. Also, the high blood pressure in postmenopausal women increases the risk of heart diseases.
Regular exercises, healthy diet and medical check-ups can reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases after menopause.
With age and loss of oestrogen also weakens your bones and results in bone loss. Your bones lose the density and start becoming thinner. It may result in osteoporosis, a bone disease where the bones are prone to fractures.
You can prevent bone loss by eating a calcium-rich diet, going out in sun to get vitamin D and doing weight exercises.
- Urinary Tract Infections
As the production of oestrogen hormone drops, the frequency of UTIs increases in menopause women. Low oestrogen levels also result in thinning of the vaginal tissues making them more prone to infections.
Drink a lot of water to flush out the harmful bacteria. Empty your bladder to get rid of the bacteria from your urinary tract. See your doctor at the earliest for UTI treatment.
- Urinary Incontinence
Around 50% of the women after menopause suffer from urinary incontinence, a common problem where your urine involuntary leaks. In this medical condition after menopause, you have trouble holding urine for long. Urinary incontinence is the result of age and low oestrogen levels that weaken your urethra, and you suffer from urine leakages.
Reduce the problem by doing kegel, pelvic floor and other exercises. Also, try to empty your bladder. See your doctor, if the problem is severe.
- Weight Gain
With age, your metabolism slows down and you may put on excess weight. Be more physically active to improve your metabolism and maintain your weight. Regular exercises build your muscles and improve your overall health.
Age, family history, slow metabolism and weight gain clubbed with high blood pressure may put you at the risk of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes. Therefore, you need to check your weight, do regular exercises, and keep your blood pressure in control to avoid the risk of diabetes.
According to the US National Institutes of Health, the risk of stroke doubles during the ten years of menopause. However, the risk of stroke is low in women before
A new study in the American Journal of Physiology-Endocrinology and Metabolism reports that once the levels of estradiol (an estrogen and the primary female sex hormone) fall with menopause, the risk of stroke increases in women.
How to Lower the Risk of Medical Conditions after Menopause?
A few lifestyle changes can help you lower the risk of certain medical conditions after menopause. Here is a list of changes you can adopt:
- Stop smoking tobacco and drinking alcohol. This reduces menopause symptoms and other health risks after menopause.
- Get into a fitness regime to be physically and emotionally healthy.
- Eat nutritious food to avoid health problems.
- Seek help from your family and friends to reduce emotional affect.
- Include calcium-rich diet to get enough calcium. This strengthens your bones and prevents osteoporosis risk.
- Drink fluids and sufficient water to reduce UTIs.
- Go for medical check-ups regularly. Keep your doctor’s appointment.
**If the condition is serious, see your doctor immediately.Inference:
Low production of female sex hormones not just ends your menstruation but also results in certain medical conditions after menopause. High blood pressure, high cholesterol, weight gain, diabetes and other serious conditions can impair the normal function of your body. These health conditions can be life-threatening if not taken seriously.
So, take care of your health and do not think menopause is just another phase of your life. It is time to make your health a priority and live a happy life!